Virtual Appliance Guide
The Virtual Appliance has limited disk space and is only intended for product evaluation purposes.
It is NOT intended for enterprise and production deployments.
- Deploying the Virtual Appliance
- Powering on the Virtual Appliance
- Administering the Virtual Appliance
- Updating the host's operating system
- Logging onto the Security Console
- Frequently Asked Questions
Deploying the Virtual Appliance
Read this section to learn how to deploy the Virtual Appliance.
The current version of the Virtual Appliance is tested and supported in the following environment:
- Virtualbox 6+
- VMware Fusion 11+
- VMware Workstation 16
- VMware vSphere (ESXI 5.1+)
Downloading the Virtual Appliance
Rapid7 provides the Virtual Appliance as an Open Virtualization Archive (OVA) file. You can download either a Virtual Appliance Security Console (VA) or the Virtual Appliance Scan Engine (VASE). Download links for both are as follows:
Deploying in Virtualbox
- In Virtualbox, click Import.
- Next to the file bar, click the folder icon to open the default File Explorer.
- Navigate to and select the Virtual Appliance file, and click Open.
If the file selected is valid, the Import Virtual Machine confirmation window pane will appear.
- After clicking Continue, the VM settings page will appear. Feel free to leave the default values selected.
- Click Import.
The import process converts the Virtual Appliance file to a Virtual Machine Disk Format (VMDK) file. When the import process is complete, the Virtual Appliance appears on the list of available virtual machines in Virtualbox.
- Select the Rapid7 Virtual Appliance, and click Play or Power On this Virtual Machine.
Powering on the Virtual Appliance
- When the import process is complete, select the Virtual Appliance from the list of available virtual machines.
- Click Power on.
- Click the Console tab to view a terminal window for the Virtual Appliance.
Administering the Virtual Appliance
Log in to the Virtual Appliance after it starts to perform any necessary administrative functions. The operating system for the Virtual Appliance is a minimal install of Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS.
When startup is complete, the Virtual Appliance window displays a login prompt. If you are logging in for the first time, you will be asked to change the current UNIX password:
- Enter the default username:
- Enter the default password:
Your password keystrokes will not appear in the terminal as you type them. Take care that you input the password accurately.
- When prompted, enter the default password again.
- Enter your new password.
- Enter your new password again to confirm the change.
You need the IP address of the Virtual Appliance in order to login to to the Web interface. Run
ip a to view the IP address.
Updating the host's operating system
As a security best practice, make sure to keep your operating system current with the latest updates. To apply an update, take the following steps:
- Access the operating system of your Virtual Appliance using SSH or by opening a virtual console.
- Run the following command to update all operating system packages to the latest versions:
1sudo apt update && sudo apt full-upgrade
The unattended-updates package is installed and configured to automatically apply security updates when available. The virtual appliance requires access to us.archive.ubuntu.com and security.ubuntu.com to retrieve updated packages. Unattended update logs can be reviewed in /var/log/unattended-upgrades/unattended-upgrades.log
Logging onto the Security Console
You perform all Security Console operations through a Web-based interface, which supports the browsers listed at https://www.rapid7.com/products/insightvm/system-requirements/.
To log onto the Security Console take the following steps:
- Open a web browser.
- Enter the URL for the Virtual Appliance:
- Enter the default username (
nxadmin) and password (
- Click the Logon button.
Upon first login the Security Console will prompt you to change your password. Enter the default username and password: nxadmin and nxpassword. Enter a new password, and confirm the new password.
If you are a first-time user and have not activated your license, the Security Console displays an activation dialog box. Enter your license key. If you do not have a license key, visit https://www.rapid7.com/products/insightvm/ to start your 30-day free trial.
After you receive a license key, login and enter it into the activation window.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do I set up a dynamic IP?
The virtual machine comes without any networking preconfigured. To have a dynamic IP assigned by the hypervisor, run
How do I set up a static IP?
The recommended method of setting a static IP is to use netplan.
Before you begin setting the network configuration, you need to know which interface to set as each hypervisor will label them differently.
To find the name of the networking interface, use the command
ip a. The first device is the loopback, device 2 is the interface you need to set.
Note the label of the interface for example,
Once you have the name of the interface you need to set, open the
/etc/netplan/00-installer-config.yaml file in a text editor with the following command:
1sudo nano /etc/netplan/00-installer-config.yaml
As there are a multitude of possible network configurations, see the following sample configuration below as an example:
How do I specify DNS servers?
DNS should be set in the netplan configuration (nameservers array).
How do I restart networking?
To restart the networking service, use the following command:
1sudo netplan apply
This command will apply the configuration specified in the netplan configuration file in addition to completely restarting the networking service.
How do I set the system time?
System date and time are controlled using the
To set the time, use the following command, where
$TIME is the desired time:
1sudo timedatectl set-time $TIME
To set the timezone, use the following command, where
$TZ is the desired timezone:
1sudo timedatectl set-timezone $TZ
How do I start, stop, and check the status of the console and engine services?
1sudo systemctl status nexposeconsole.service2sudo systemctl start nexposeconsole.service3sudo systemctl stop nexposeconsole.service
1sudo systemctl status nexposeengine.service2sudo systemctl start nexposeengine.service3sudo systemctl stop nexposeengine.service